[kehitysmaaliike-l] Ennakkotieto: Ulkoministeriön post-2015 -prosessin sidosryhmäkuulemistilaisuus 14.6. klo 13

Taina Hanhikoski taina.hanhikoski at kehys.fi
Pe Kesä 7 09:42:20 EEST 2013


 

Hei, 

välitän ennakkotietona AVS Sipiläisen johdolla järjestettävän
sidosryhmäkuulemisen post-2015 -prosessista, joka järjestetään pe 14.6.
klo 13 (paikka ei tiedossa). Tarkempia tietoja seurannee lähiaikoina.


Lisäksi tiedoksenne kansainvälisen Beyond 2015 -verkoston reaktio:
(muita reaktioita YK:n korkean tason paneelin raporttiin
http://www.beyond2015.org/hlp-report sekä www.post2015.fi) 

Overall
political analysis 

Point 1: Beyond 2015 welcomes the principles
identified by the Panel which should underpin the whole framework:
equity, sustainability, solidarity, respect for human rights, and shared
responsibilities in accordance with respective capabilities. These
values reflect those identified by civil society, via a series of
national deliberations, participatory research and conversations about
the vision, purpose, values and criteria of a post-2015 framework, and
should be tangibly embedded in the post-2015 agenda as the process moves
forwards. 

Point 2: The report emphasizes that aid alone is not enough
to eradicate poverty and suggests concrete actions needed from developed
countries, such as stemming illicit capital flows, tax avoidance and
evasion, and ensuring corporations report on social, environmental, and
economic impact of their activities, have the potential for longer term
transformational impacts, but regulation will be needed to ensure that
all private sector actors, not only those on board with the sustainable
development agenda, take necessary steps to achieve a just, sustainable
future for all. Securing that political will and cooperation is the
challenge ahead. 

Point 3: The report views rapid and sustained growth
as a major part of the solution, rather than part of the problem. The
report claims that 'business as usual' is not an option, but when it
comes to growth, its proposals reinforce the status quo. We regret that
the Panel has not called for the current model of international trade,
business regulation and FDI to be realigned in the interests of people
and planet instead of profit and growth. Nor does the report address the
fact that growth will not address escalating inequality and that
redistribution of wealth and access to resources are needed. The report
is naïve in terms of the trade-offs required to achieve sustainability.


Point 4: We strongly welcome the way in which the report brings
together the environment and development agendas, and while we are
pleased to see that the Panel recognizes poverty eradication cannot be
achieved without protecting the natural environment, we regret that
there is not an explicit call for a single set of post-2015 goals that
combines environment and development holistically. 

Point 5: New goals
after 2015 is no substitute for action now. The credibility and impact
of the post-2015 process depends upon meeting the current MDGs and this
means that governments must stick to the commitments that they made in
2000 under both the MDGs and the Rio conventions. 

Point 6: Financing
will be critically important to the success of the post-2015 agenda,
with international experts suggesting that that 4% of GDP need to be
invested each year in transition economies during a minimum of 20 years.
However, the report's focus on domestic resource mobilization, aid,
private capital (from major pension funds, mutual funds, sovereign
wealth funds, private corporations, development banks and other
investors) suggests business as usual for financing and development,
rather than exploring more innovative models like the proposed financial
transaction tax. Caution should be taken in assuming the private sector
should be the primary source of finance for post-2015; while it would
take less to eradicate poverty globally than was used to bail out the
banks during the global recession, the political will to achieve this
has not yet materialized. 

_Global responsibility_ 

Point 1: We
welcome the strong endorsement of a universal approach, promoting a
single, coherent sustainable development agenda relevant to all nations.
This is reflected by targets where developed countries also have the
responsibility to deliver, such as addressing food waste, increasing
renewable energy, and job creation for youth. 

Point 2: However, the
report fails to significantly improve on the global partnership of MDG8.
Insufficient progress was made on this goal because it lacked clear,
measurable targets - and the same has happened with goal 12 to create a
global enabling environment. While there are indications that the Panel
recognizes the importance of quantitative, time-bound targets in the
narrative, there is a great distance to go before universal, quantified
targets on the global partnership exist. 

_Environmental
sustainability_ 

Point 1: We welcome the emphasis on sustainable
development and bringing together environment and development agendas.
This report recognizes the interdependency between our lives and the
natural world: poverty cannot be eradicated, nor the wellbeing of all
people secured, without addressing the pressures on the natural systems
that support life on this planet. 

Point 2: Already the devastating
impacts of climate change are eroding development gains around the
world. Climate change adaptation, loss and damage, and resilience should
have been more strongly recognised in the goals and targets, and the
issue of historic responsibility and climate justice is not addressed in
the report. Nevertheless this report represents a welcome shift in
understanding sustainable development as one community on one planet.


Point 3: We welcome the emphasis on sustainable consumption and
production but these messages are at odds with the prominence placed on
economic growth. The report doesn't go far enough in shifting values or
address the way in which consumption, identity and the private sector
interact, either within the illustrative framework or the narrative. We
are concerned that the report implies that there are no negative
consequences to growth, and ignores that redistribution of wealth and
access to resources will be necessary in a just, sustainable future. It
also fails to tackle the need for people with high-impact lifestyles
will have to be addressed. There seems to be a mismatch between the
scale of challenges outlined in the report and the solutions offered,
with an over-reliance on market solutions, technology and growth to
solve problems that require fundamental changes in our economic and
political systems. 

_Poverty eradication / human development outcomes_


Point 1: Beyond 2015 would like to see governments go further and
explore the need for targets to reduce income inequality, which is
becoming extreme in many societies and undermining the social and
economic potential of humanity. While the 'zero' goal to eradicate
poverty is laudable, we must also do more than scrape people above a
$1.25 per day living standard. Alongside the welcome target on reducing
those living below nationally-defined poverty lines, Beyond 2015
recommends that UN member states monitor progress in reducing the
numbers of people living on $2 or $4 a day as well. 

Point 2: The
report fails to recognize the marked increase in income inequality over
the last twenty years. Despite the fall in the absolute numbers of
people on low incomes, it has been at the expense of a massive rise in
the incomes of those at the top of the pile. While the report does not
perceive this to be a problem, it ignores growing global consensus that
the idea that some people are 'worth' thousands of times more than
others is morally abhorrent. Mounting evidence demonstrates that it also
threatens economic, social and political stability, promotes values of
status, power and hierarchy over social cohesion and community, and that
everyone benefits from a more equal society. This was a major omission
in the MDGs, and without a roadmap for reducing extreme income
inequality both within and between countries, the next set of global
goals risks failure. 

_Human rights / peace + security_ 

Point 1: We
welcome the reference to human rights principles in the report, such as
universality, participation and inclusion, inalienability, and
accountability, which are woven throughout both the narrative and the
framework, but we look to the UN Task Team report 'Realizing the Future
We Want' which has human rights as a core value. The HLP report should
have included implementation of human rights as the sixth
transformational shift; often, where it mentions humanity, it should
have said human rights. This should be taken into account by both the
Secretary General and member states. 

Point 2: The report has obviously
picked up on input from civil society on peace and security, and takes a
pragmatic approach placing it in a broader perspective. However, by
linking peace and good governance they have missed out the fact that 75%
of conflicts today are driven by resource wars, many of which are
external and not a failure of democracy, leadership or governance. This
could cause a potential further rift to conflict countries who feel they
bear the burden of dealing with conflict alone, when in fact several
players have an important role. 

_Equity / marginalised groups_ 

Point
1: The report makes an encouraging step in the right direction by
recognizing people marginalised as a result of disability, age, gender,
geography and ethnicity. This is evident in the introduction of the new
transformative shift to leave no one behind. We welcome the
recommendation for disaggregation of data by disability, representing 1
billion people globally, in addition to gender, age, geographical
location and ethnicity, showing that the calls made by civil society
have been taken into account and will help make sure that no one is left
behind as goals and targets will only be met if every group - defined by
income quintile, gender, location or otherwise - has met the target.


Point 2: We call on the Secretary General and Member States to build
on the encouraging first steps in the HLP Report and ensure that the
following key points are integral components of the post-2015
development framework:
* An unequivocal recognition that the inclusion,
equality and equity of all marginalized groups is a precondition to the
success of the post-2015 development agenda.
* Includes concrete,
specific indicators for marginalized groups. 

_Governance_ 

Point 1:
In the priorities that come from the people on the ground, governance is
often at the top of their agenda, and it is right that it has been
included as a goal. The inclusion of elements that radically improve
people's ability to influence decisions that impact their lives is a
dramatic improvement on the MDGs. Freedom of speech and peaceful protest
alongside access to information are fundamental to the right of
individuals to flourish, and mean that the post-2015 agenda could
challenge the causes, as well as the symptoms of poverty. 

Point 2: We
welcome that the report places people living in poverty at the heart of
the post-2015 agenda; the panel should be commended for listening to
their stories, ideas and solutions, and recognizing the barriers to
development that exist for the poorest. Building the capacity of people
to hold their governments to account will be challenging but is a vital
next step to achieving the vision of irreversible poverty eradication.
It is essential that all people, the poor and marginalized are included
throughout the post-2015 process throughout design, implementation,
monitoring and evaluation. 

Call to Action 

Beyond 2015 urges the UN
Secretary General to build on the HLP report in his forthcoming annual
report, making strong and ambitious recommendations for member states to
base a post-2015 framework on human rights obligations and to further
mainstream inequality and environmental sustainability across the
framework.
We call on member states to consider the HLP report in the
Open Working Group and at the UN Special Event on MDGs and the post-2015
agenda on September 25, but also to meaningfully consider the results of
civil society national deliberations on the post-2015 agenda as well as
the conceptual thinking around the vision, purpose, values and criteria
of a post-2015 framework. 

Terveisin, 

Taina 

-- 

Taina
Hanhikoski

Vaikuttamistyön koordinaattori, pääsihteerin
assistentti
Advocacy officer, assistant to the Secretary
General

Kehitysyhteistyöjärjestöjen EU-yhdistys Kehys ry
The Finnish
NGDO Platform to the EU Kehys ry

Töölöntorinkatu 2 B, 5th floor
00260
Helsinki
FINLAND

tel +358 9 23 15 05 62
gsm +358 43 82 41 167
fax +358
9 23 15 05 65
taina.hanhikoski at kehys.fi
www.kehys.fi
 
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